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Certificate of Solvency Provisions Applicable to Winding up Power of Company to Appoint Power to Remove Liquidator Power to Fill Vacancy in Office Liquidator's Power to Accept Shares Duty of Liquidator to Call Creditors' Duty of Liquidator to Call Meeting Final Meeting and Dissolution Annual and Final Meetings Provisions Applicable to Creditors' Meeting of Creditors Appointment of Liquidator Appointment of Committee Fixing of Liquidators' Remuneration Power to Fill Vacancy in Office Application of Section 237 Duty of Liquidator to Call Meetings Final Meeting and Dissolution Provisions Applicable to Every Distribution of Property of Company Powers and Duties of Liquidator Appointing and Removing Liquidator Notice by Liquidator Binding on Creditors Power to Apply to Court Audit of Liquidator's Accounts Costs of Voluntary Winding up Saving for Rights of Creditors Debts of All Descriptions Application of Bankruptcy Rules Interest on Debts Extortionate Credit Transactions Preferential Payments Fraudulent Preference Fraudulently Preferred Persons Fraudulent Preference deemed to Effect of Floating Charge Disclaimer of Onerous Property Restriction of Rights of Creditor Duties of Bailiff as to Goods
Chapter: 32  COMPANIES ORDINANCE

Section Num: 157HA  Version Date 13/02/2004

Excepted transactions

(1) Section 157H does not prohibit a company that is a member of a group of companies from-

(a) making a loan or quasi-loan to, or entering into a credit transaction as creditor for, a company that is a member of the same group of companies; or

(b) entering into a guarantee or providing any security in connection with-

(i) a loan or quasi-loan made by any person to a company that is a member of the same group of companies; or

(ii) a credit transaction entered into by any person as creditor for such a company.

(2) Section 157H does not prohibit a private company (not being a relevant private company) from doing anything that has been approved by the company in general meeting.

(3) Subject to this section, a company is not prohibited by section 157H from-

(a) entering into any transaction to provide any of its directors with funds to meet expenditure incurred or to be incurred by him for the purposes of the company or for the purpose of enabling him properly to perform his duties as an officer of the company;

(b) entering into any transaction-

(i) for the purpose of facilitating the purchase of the whole or part of any residential premises, together with any land to be occupied and enjoyed therewith, for use as the only or main residence of a director of the company;

(ii) for the purpose of improving any residential premises so used or any land occupied and enjoyed therewith; or

(iii) in substitution for any transaction entered into by any person for the benefit of a director of the company and falling within subparagraph (i) or (ii); or

(c) leasing or hiring goods or leasing land to a director of the company on terms not more favourable than the terms it is reasonable to expect the company to have offered, if the goods had been leased or hired or the land had been leased on the open market, to a person who is unconnected with the company.

(4) The exception specified in subsection (3)(a) operates in relation to a transaction described in that subsection only if either of the following conditions is satisfied-

(a) the transaction in question is entered into with the prior approval of the company given at a general meeting at which the purpose of the expenditure incurred or to be incurred by the director concerned and the amount of the transaction are disclosed; or

(b) the transaction is entered into on the condition that, if the approval of the company is not so given at or before the next following annual general meeting, any liability falling on any person in connection with the transaction shall be discharged within 6 months from the conclusion of that meeting.

(5) The exception specified in subsection (3)(b) operates in relation to a transaction described in that subsection only if the following conditions are satisfied-

(a) the company in question ordinarily enters into transactions of that description for its employees on terms no less favourable than those on which the transaction in question is entered into;

(b) the amount of the transaction does not exceed 80 per cent of the value of the residential premises, or the part thereof, in question and any land to be occupied and enjoyed therewith, as stated in a valuation report that complies with paragraph (c);

(c) the valuation report is made and signed by a professionally qualified valuation surveyor, who is subject to the discipline of a professional body, not earlier than 3 months prior to the date on which the transaction is entered into; and

(d) the transaction is secured by a legal mortgage on the land comprising the residential premises, or the part thereof, in question and any land to be occupied and enjoyed therewith.

(6) Subject to this section, a company is not prohibited by section 157H(2) from entering into a transaction described in that section if the ordinary business of that company includes the entering into of transactions of that description.

(7) Subject to this section, a relevant company is not prohibited by section 157H(3) or (4) from entering into a transaction described in that section if the ordinary business of that company includes the entering into of transactions of that description.

(8) The exceptions specified in subsections (6) and (7) operate in relation to a transaction described in that subsection only if the following conditions are satisfied-

(a) the transaction in question is entered into by the company or relevant company, as the case may be, in the ordinary course of its business; and

(b) the amount of the transaction is not greater, and the terms of the transaction are not more favourable, in the case of the person with or in respect of whom the transaction is entered into, than that amount or those terms that it is reasonable to expect the company or relevant company, as the case may be, to have offered to or in respect of a person of the same financial standing as that person but who is unconnected with the company or relevant company.

(9) Subsections (6) and (7) do not authorize a company or relevant company, as the case may be, to enter into a transaction described in section 157H(2), (3) or (4) if, at the time the transaction is entered into, the relevant amount exceeds $750000.

(10) For the purpose of subsection (9), "relevant amount" -

(a) in relation to a company that at the time of the transaction in question is subject to the prohibition in section 157H(2) but is not subject to the prohibitions in section 157H(3) and (4), means the aggregate of the following amounts-

(i) the amount of the transaction in question;

(ii) the amount outstanding at that time in respect of principal on all loans made by the company by virtue of subsection (6) to the director or other company concerned (excluding the transaction in question); and

(iii) the amount representing the maximum liability of the company at that time under all guarantees and all security entered into or provided by the company by virtue of subsection (6) in connection with any loans made by any person to the director or other company concerned (excluding the transaction in question); and

(b) in relation to a company that at the time of the transaction in question is subject to the prohibitions in section 157H(2), (3) and (4), means the aggregate of the following amounts-

(i) the amount of the transaction in question;

(ii) the amount outstanding at that time in respect of principal on all loans and quasi-loans made by the company to, and all credit transactions entered into by the company as creditor for, the director or other company concerned by virtue of subsection (6) or (7) (excluding the transaction in question); and

(iii) the amount representing the maximum liability of the company at that time under all guarantees and all security entered into or provided by the company by virtue of subsection (6) or (7) in connection with any loans or quasi-loans made by any person to, or any credit transactions entered into by any person as creditor for, the director or other company concerned (excluding the transaction in question).

(11) Subsections (3), (6) and (7) do not authorize a company to enter into a transaction if, at the time the transaction is entered into, the relevant amount exceeds 5 per cent of the amount of the company's net assets as shown in the latest balance sheet laid before the company in general meeting.

(12) For the purpose of subsection (11), "relevant amount" -

(a) in relation to a company that at the time of the transaction in question is subject to the prohibition in section 157H(2) but is not subject to the prohibitions in section 157H(3) and (4), means the aggregate of the following amounts-

(i) the amount of the transaction in question;

(ii) the amount outstanding at that time, in respect of principal and interest or otherwise, on all loans made by the company to any of its directors (excluding the transaction in question and any loans made by virtue of subsection (1) or (2)); and

(iii) the amount representing the maximum liability of the company at that time under all guarantees entered into by the company, and in respect of all security provided by the company, in connection with any loans made by any person to any of its directors (excluding the transaction in question and any guarantees or security entered into or provided by virtue of subsection (1) or (2)); and

(b) in relation to a company that at the time of the transaction in question is subject to the prohibitions in section 157H(2), (3) and (4), means the aggregate of the following amounts-

(i) the amount of the transaction in question;

(ii) the amount outstanding at that time, in respect of principal and interest or otherwise, on all loans and quasi-loans made by the company to, and all credit transactions entered into by the company as creditor for, any of its directors (excluding the transaction in question and any loans, quasi-loans or credit transactions made or entered into by virtue of subsection (1) or (2)); and

(iii) the amount representing the maximum liability of the company at that time under all guarantees entered into by the company, and in respect of all security provided by the company, in connection with any loans or quasi-loans made by any person to, or any credit transactions entered into by any person as creditor for, any of its directors (excluding the transaction in question and any guarantees or security entered into or provided by virtue of subsection (1) or (2)).

(13) A reference in this section to the amount of a transaction entered into by a company shall be construed as a reference to-

(a) where the transaction consists of a loan, quasi-loan or credit transaction, the principal amount of that loan, quasi-loan or credit transaction;

(b) where the transaction consists of a guarantee, the amount representing the maximum liability of the company under that guarantee; and

(c) where the transaction consists of the provision of any security, the amount representing the maximum liability of the company in respect of that security.

(14) A reference in this section to the principal amount of a quasi-loan or credit transaction shall be construed as a reference to the total amount payable by the borrower, excluding any amount payable as interest, as a penalty or as compensation or damages for a breach of the transaction.

(15) In this section, "net assets", in relation to a company, means the aggregate of the company's assets less the aggregate of its liabilities, and for the purposes of this definition, "liabilities" includes any provision within the meaning of the Tenth Schedule except to the extent that that provision is taken into account in calculating the value of any asset of the company.

(16) All other terms and expressions used in this section have the same meaning as in section 157H subject to the following exceptions-

(a) for the purposes of subsection (3) of this section, "director" does not include a shadow director; and

(b) section 157H(8) shall not apply in relation to the references to a director in subsection (3) of this section insofar as that subsection applies in respect of a director of-

(i) a company that has any of its shares listed on a recognized stock market; or

(ii) a company that is a member of a group of companies of which a company referred to in paragraph (a) is a member.

(Added 28 of 2003 s. 62)

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